History

1000 years Rochlitz Castle

The imperial castle Rochlitz was built in the middle of the 10th century, probably. As part of the castle complex in the March Meissen it constituted the center of the burgward district of the same name. With the enfeoffment of the march the ownership over the district went to the Ekkehardings. Its first documented evidence in 1009 the castle owes to a rather unpleasant event: Margrave Gunzelin, due to an inheritance dispute with his nephews, had the castle burned down.

Its time as imperial castle ended in 1143 when Margrave Konrad I. of Wettin acquired the castle. In the following centuries Rochlitz was closely connected to the rise of the Wettins in Saxony. Already in 1156 castle as well as office experienced a speedy ascent due to the colonial expansion implemented by Konrad’s fourth son Dedo, who inherited Rochlitz Castle.

Elisabeth von Rochlitz
Elisabeth von Rochlitz

With the expansion of Rochlitz Castle to a permanent residence by Margrave Wilhelm I., at the end of the 14th century, the defiant fortress was turned into a real castle. At the end of the 15th century the Wettins Ernst and Albrecht further refurbished the castle as widow’s seat for their sister Duchess Amalia.

From 1537 to 1547 one of the most important personalities of the time, Duchess Elisabeth von Rochlitz, took Rochlitz Castle as her widow’s seat. The wife of the Albertine successor to the throne Duke Johann von Sachsen, daughter-in-law to Duke Georg the Bearded and sister to Landgrave Phillip von Hessen, introduced, against the fierce resistance of her father-in-law, the Lutheran teachings and the Reformation in her wittum.

At the end of the 16th century Elector Christian I. and his wife Sophie had Rochlitz Castle converted into a hunting castle.

Kurfürst Christian I.
Kurfürst Christian I.

Afterwards it went quiet around Rochlitz – in the times of Baroque people had different ideas about royal lodgings. The office of Rochlitz, however, remained. During the Thirty Year’s War the castle complex was bombarded, besieged and freed again, several times over.

In the middle of the 19th century extensive building work was conducted to accommodate the District Court. This was less beneficial for the royal apartments. Until the German reunification Rochlitz Castle remained archive, court and penal institution. Also, during the 19th and 20th century the castle was used for many different purposes: by the allied forces as detention camp for soldiers of the Wehrmacht, as base of operations by the Soviet NKVD and during the GDR as musical school and day care center.

The castle was first used as museum in 1892 thanks to teacher and local historian Prof. Clemens Pfau. At first only the castle chapel was used to house the collection of the History and Antiquity Society. In 1995, when the castle went into the possession of the Free State of Saxony, extensive reconstruction work was conducted on the ramshackle building.

Rote Stube
Rote Stube

In 2012 the Princes‘ House and Transept were finished and are now open to the public. Visitors have the unique possibility to marvel at the imposing living and state rooms as well as to experience up close, in the south wing of the castle, how maids and servants once took care of their lords and ladies.

Contact

Rochlitz Castle

Sörnziger Weg 1 | 09306 Rochlitz

Property of State Palaces, Castles and Gardens of Saxony, non profit

+49 (0) 3737 4923-10
rochlitz@schloesserland-sachsen.de

Opening hours

March 19 to October 31

  • Tue - Fri: 10:00 am -5:00 pm
  • Sat, Sun, public holidays: 10:00 am - 6:00 pm
  • last admission 1 h before closing 
  • Mon: closed

November 1, 2016 to February 2017

  • closed

Guided tours may also be booked outside our opening hours. Please get in touch with the Rochlitz Castle team: Rochlitz@schloesserland-Sachsen.de

Subject to modifications.

Ticket rates

  • Full rate 5,00 EUR
  • Reduced rate 2,50 EUR
  • Full rate: EUR 5.00
  • Reduced rate*: EUR 2.50 
  • 2 adults and up to 4 children**: EUR 11.00 
  • 1 adult and up to 2 children: EUR 6.00 
  • Group rate***: EUR 4.00 
  • Group rate for pupils***: EUR 2.00 

Free admission:

  • Children aged 5 or younger
  • People visiting the castle on their birthday
  • Accompanying adults of severly disabled people (entry »B« iin the disability pass)
  • Tour guides
  • Tour bus drivers accompanying a tour group
  • 1 accompanying adult per 10 pupils
  • Journalists for reporting purposes (valid identification required)
  • Holders of the schloesserlandPASS

Guided tours

  • Audio guide: EUR 2.00
  • Guided tour surcharge: EUR 15.00

Subject to modifications.